Biomedical issues in health and exercise (LM67I-1B)

Biomedical issues in health and exercise (LM67I-1B)

informazioni su questo INSEGNAMENTO
Ore totali:
L-LIN/12, BIO/13, MED/09, MED/50 e BIO/09, L-LIN/02
1° Semestre
Modalità di valutazione:
Written examination

Obiettivi formativi

  • Acquire an integrative knowledge of exercise physiology, motor analysis, and biomechanics, and understand how metabolism and forces affect the body during daily activities;
  • Describe and understand the mechanisms of muscular, neural and tendons-aponeurosis adaptation induced by resistance training, as well as the association between aerobic fitness and health;
  • Understand the concepts of physical activity and health based on epidemiological data;
  • Understand the importance of the relationship between hormones and exercise in the prevention and/or treatment of different diseases;
  • Understand the concept of doping, as well as to know the main international rules regulating doping controls in international sports competitions, and of the list of prohibited substances;
  • Understand and describe the genetic background of monofactorial and multifactorial traits and the role of genetic polymorphisms in the individual response to environmental factors, with specific attention to physical exercise.


When finalizing the course the students will be able to:

  • Utilize the conceptual tools related to human biology, nutrition, physiology, motor analysis, and exercise endocrinology in conceiving a fitness program (professional competence);
  • Apply the fitness assessment principles (professional competence);
  • Analyze and critically read scientific articles related to the disciplines treated in the module (theoretical and academic competence).


Basic knowledge in Statistics, Exercise Biology & Genetics, Exercise Biochemistry & Biomechanics, Exercise Physiology & Endocrinology.

Risultati apprendimento attesi

The exam includes:

  • Test: up to 10 multiple choice and /or open questions on the entire module program;
  • Individually written short essay (3-5 pages) on a topic assigned randomly to the student.


The test verifies the knowledge acquired by the student with respect the whole module content throughout the lecture’s attendance and the individual study.

The essay refers to 3-5 pages (1.000 – 1.800 words) manuscript. It must represent in an individual and original way the critical thinking of the student with respect to the chosen topic, demonstrating also the student’s capability to integrate and apply various knowledge. Essay general guidelines are available in the Moodle Learning Platform. Available time: 24 hrs.

For both Test and Essay, the program makes use of the online instruments available in the “Foro Italico” Moodle Learning Platform.

18 out of 30 points is the minimum threshold for both test and essay. The final mark will result from the following formula:

[(Essay’s points x 2.2) + Test’s points]/3

Credits (ECTS)
The programme adopts the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) for the teaching units, with 1 ECTS = 25 hr student workload. As a rule, 1 contact hr will be held to correspond to ~3 hr of student’s individual work, accounting for intensity of teaching, amount of study materials, essays to write, exams, etc. For the evaluation of academic progress, the ECTS grading scale will be adopted within the consortium.

Student’s work loads (Total 375 hours)

  • Lectures and seminars: 75
  • Practical teaching and online learning: 45
  • Individual study: 229
  • Exam: 26


The course is structured as an Intensive course with a condensed blended teaching period of 3 weeks (distance face-to-face and online resources) and condensed e-learning, distance tutoring, and individual study of 4 weeks, including examination.

The teaching is divided into the following modules:

  • Biology and genetics of growth, development and aging;
  • Health enhancing physical exercise: physiological adaptations, methods of assessment and testing;
  • Linguistic abilities;
  • Neruroendocrine adaptation and nutritional aspects in health, development and aging;
  • Physical activity in health and diseases: epidemiological, clinical and metabolic aspects of physical activity as preventive and therapeutic intervention tool.


In detail:

  • Physical activity, public health, and fitness: an approach from the point of view of epidemiology
  • Health and safety in sports and PA
  • Genetic variability in health and diseases;
  • Basic human genetics: genetic variability and mutations, simple and complex trait inheritance, from gene to phenotype
  • Genetic basis of movement-related disorders Genetic variability and gene-environment interactions in relation to movement and exercise
  • Human nutrition in health, diseases, development and aging: theoretical and practical applications
  • Nutrition and metabolism in health and exercise
  • Cardiovascular, respiratory and muscle-skeletal fitness in health prevention for children, adults, and elderly
  • Metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes
  • Physical activity and neurodegenerative diseases
  • Neuroendocrine adaptation in response to physical exercise
  • Medical risks of substance abuse
  • Muscle strength assessment and testing
  • Neuromuscular adaptation in muscles and tendons in response to health-enhancing physical exercise
  • Energy metabolism in skeletal muscle during exercise: methodological considerations
  • Biomechanics and motion analysis
  • Energy metabolism in skeletal muscle during exercise: practical applications
  • Methods of fitness assessment
  • Principles of Fitness/Wellness: health benefits of strength and endurance training
  • Locomotor apparatus (bones) adaptation in response to health-enhancing physical exercise
  • Cardiorespiratory regulation and adaptations with regard to health-enhancing physical activity in aerobic performance
  • Fitness assessment, exercise testing, and prescription


Additional tools: Introduction to descriptive statistics; English Academic Writing; Italian for foreign students.

Study material (mainly PDF files of the literature and monography) and virtual rooms for discussions between students and students and staff, is made available on the e-learn platform of Foro Italico University.

Multidisciplinary components

  • Applied Biology (BIO/13, 2 ECTS)
  • Physiology (BIO/09, 6 ECTS)
  • Sports Medicine (MED/09, 5 ECTS)
  • Applied Medical Sciences (MED/50, 2 ECTS)
  • Foreign language (L-LIN/02, 0 ECTS)
Vedi programma esteso
European Master of Science in Health and Physical Activity (Classe LM67INT)
Piazza Lauro de Bosis, 15 - 00135 Roma
Docenti del corso
Aagaard Per
Baca Arnold
Borrione Paolo
Caporossi Daniela
Ekelund Ule
Fazio Alessandra